|SPOKESPERSON MS. VICTORIA NULAND: Okay. For this evening, we'll start with AP. Brad Klapper, please.
QUESTION: Yes, Madam Secretary. In the three years since the Obama Administration made Arab-Israeli peace a top priority, there has been no progress. To what do you attribute this failure? And if you could do it all over again, would the Obama Administration do anything differently - maybe on the issue of settlements?
SECRETARY CLINTON: Brad, I'm looking forward because I think that's where the future lies and where any potential agreements and solutions are waiting for us. As I said, we remain focused on the resumption of direct negotiations, since we believe that is the only route to a lasting, stable peace. My message to both Prime Minister Netanyahu and President Abbas was the same, namely that the international community can help - the United States, the Quartet, we stand ready to do so to help support an environment for talks, but it's up to the parties to do the hard work for peace.
And to those who say the timing isn't right, the other side has to move first, or the trust just isn't there, I say peace won't wait and the responsibility falls on all of us to keep pressing forward. So the United States will keep showing up, as we have for many years now. We'll keep pushing our friends to do what they can to move the agenda forward. And we will do everything possible to try to see this vision of peace between Israel and the Palestinians realized.
MS. NULAND: Next question (inaudible) Channel 2, please.
QUESTION: Madam Secretary, you said that you were very coordinated with Israel. After your visit here in Israel, what are the chances that Israel will attack Iran eventually? What is your assumption?
On the matter of Jonathan Pollard, we've been here for a long time. Don't you think it's a matter of justice and even a humanitarian issue that after almost 27 years in jail he should be released?
SECRETARY CLINTON: Well, first with respect to Iran, my discussions today are part of a very long, in-depth, ongoing consultation. We always compare notes on Iran, and today's consultations were particularly timely because our two-track policy of diplomacy and pressure is in full mood here - move here, because the P-5+1 talks, with the imposition of even tougher sanctions. We know the sanctions are biting. Israel and the United States agree on that.
And we talked about concrete steps that we can take to continue to build the pressure. And as to the diplomatic track, I made very, very clear that the proposals we have seen from Iran thus far within the P-5+1 negotiations are nonstarters. Despite three rounds of talks, it appears that Iran has yet to make a strategic decision to address the international community's concerns and fulfill their obligations under the IAEA and the UN Security Council.
So we are pressing forward in close consultation with Israel. I'm not going to prejudge the outcome of these efforts. I think that it's absolutely fair to say we are on the same page at this moment trying to figure our way forward to have the maximum impact on affecting the decisions that Iran makes.
With respect to Mr. Pollard, he was, as you know, convicted of spying in 1987. He was sentenced to life in prison. He is serving that sentence, and I do not have any expectation that that is going to change.
MS. NULAND: Next question, AFP Jo Biddle, please.
QUESTION: Thank you. Madam Secretary, in four days the UN's mandate to Syria will expire. Despite numerous diplomatic efforts, there still seems to be very sharp divisions about coming up with a new resolution. Even today, Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov accused Western nations of black - or trying to blackmail Russia into getting behind a new resolution. What is your response to his comments? And how concerned are you that in fact diplomatic efforts at the United Nations will fail and the Syrian people will just be left to their own fate?
SECRETARY CLINTON: Well, as you know, we are working very hard in New York in the Security Council to obtain a Chapter 7 resolution with consequences. Kofi Annan is in Moscow today and tomorrow to talk with President Putin and Russian officials to make the case directly to them regarding the importance of having such a UN Security Council resolution.
I spoke with UN Special Envoy Annan yesterday before he left for Moscow, made it clear that there had to be consequences. He has said that. We agree with that completely. So we're going to continue to press forward in the Security Council. We're going to continue to press the Russians because that is an important part of reaching a resolution in the Security Council.
But it is worrisome that the violence is increasing, that it is more prevalent in Damascus and the suburbs. I believe - and I've said it before and obviously I can't put a timeline on it - that this regime cannot survive. I just wish that it would move out of the way sooner instead of later so that more lives could be saved and we could have the chance to achieve the kind of democratic transition that we all, including Russia, agreed to in our meeting in Geneva a few weeks ago.
MS. NULAND: And last question before we go home, (inaudible) from (inaudible), please.
QUESTION: Madam Secretary, two questions, if I may. It comes from Egypt (inaudible). And you were attacked there by protests and (inaudible). Were you offended by the behavior of the new democratic Egypt, Egyptians?
And the other question is, were there - President Morsi said yes to the proposal to meet (inaudible).
SECRETARY CLINTON: Well, first of all, I have been around longer than I care to remember, and protests are not a uniquely Egyptian phenomenon. I have some experience with
my own country and other vibrant societies like Israel and elsewhere where protests are part of the fabric of a democracy.
So in one way, seeing people express themselves, even though their assumptions and conclusions were absolutely wrong, is a sign of that freer environment that Egypt now enjoys. It is also evidence that the Egyptian people are still concerned about the future. They're not yet sure what is the path forward. They have an elected president. They don't have a parliament that is yet confirmed. They don't have a constitution. They don't have a government. So I think it's understandable that there are many unanswered questions and lots of anxiety about what may or may not be happening.
So the sooner that there can be a government that takes responsibility, whose actions can be judged and held accountable, then people will be able to draw decisions, because words don't mean as much as action. And therefore, I was not offended. I was relieved that nobody was hurt, and I felt bad that good tomatoes were wasted. But other than that, it was not particularly bothersome.
With respect to your second question, there is a - that is something that is up to the two leaders to determine for themselves. I would only add that the amount of work ahead of this new Egyptian Government would be daunting for the most experienced political leaders. The economy is in desperate need of reform. The political system is a work in progress, a long way from being finalized. There are serious fissures within society that have to be addressed. As I said last night in Alexandria, the real evidence as to what a democracy in Egypt means is not the holding of an election. It is whether the leaders who are elected respect the rights of all Egyptians, protect the rights of minorities, further the rights of women, have a view that the rule of law must be faithfully implemented, protect the independence of the press, the independence of the judiciary, and so much else, because we've been at the work of our democracy more than 236 years. This is hard work, as Israel knows very well, every day. It's not just leaders who have to work at it; citizens have to work at it. And never in the 5,000-year history of Egypt have they ever had this opportunity or challenge.
So we're going to be watching. We're going to be doing what we can to make clear what we believe the principles and values of a democracy have to be, and we will be working with those who we believe want to ensure the kind of future for Egypt that will truly benefit the Egyptian people, one and all.
Thank you very much.